Adverbs | Learn English | Canguro English



Join Sandra and I as we study adverbs. Don’t forget to read the notes below. See you in class!
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Adjectives describe nouns, and adverbs describe verbs and adjectives and adverbs. So adverbs tell you how something happens or how somebody does something. Adverbs can also modify certain adjectives, to describe their degree. For example, He is especially handsome.

TYPES OF ADVERBS

Let’s look at all the different types of adverbs;

The classic adverb – describes verbs – He drives his car slowly and carefully.
Modifiers – modify adjectives – This is a very easy class
Conjuncts – linking sentences – Firstly, secondly, also, then, on the other hand, as a result
Disjuncts – making comments – Fortunately, personally, obviously
Adjuncts – providing additional information – You are learning English at top speed

ADVERB FORMATION

Most adverbs in English are formed by adding -ly to the adjective, for example;

quick/quickly
careful/carefully
bad/badly
You will have to memorise the other adverbs. Note that not all words that end in -ly are adverbs, e.g. friendly, silly.

Sometimes in informal English, people use the adverbs without -ly, for example;

She drives real slow

ADVERB POSITION

The position of the adverb depends on whether there is a noun in the phrase or not. If the phrase has a noun, we put the adverb after the noun, if the phrase does not have a noun we put the adverb directly after the verb.

If we are using and adjective and an adverb together, then we put the adverb before the adjective, for example;

It was a reasonably good film
This ice cream is amazingly good!
Finally, if you are using a tense with the past participle, then you can put the adverb before or after the verb, for example;

The meeting was badly organised
The meeting was organised badly
In general, we need to keep the verb together with the adverb otherwise the connection will be lost and it won’t make sense, for example;

Extremely quickly and easily we are learning English
We are learning English extremely quickly and easily

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