Animals English Vocabulary

Animals English Vocabulary
Animals English Vocabulary

NOUNS
ANIMALS
animal [ˈænɪməl] 1 a creature such as a dog or a cat, but not
a bird, fish, insect or human
2 any living creature, including a human
ant [ænt] a small crawling insect that lives in large
groups
bat [bæt] a small animal, like a mouse with wings,
that sleeps upside down during the day
and comes out to fly at night
bear [beə] a large, strong wild animal with thick fur
and sharp claws
bee [biː] a yellow and black striped flying insect
that makes a sweet food (called honey)
and can sting you
bird [bɜːd] an animal with feathers and wings
bull [bʊl] 1 a male animal of the cow family
2 a male animal of some other animal
families, such as elephants and whales
butterfly [ˈbʌtəflaɪ] an insect with large coloured wings
calf (PL)
calves
[kaːf] [kaːvz] a young cow
camel [ˈkæməl] an animal with one or two large lumps on
its back
cat [kæt] a small animal covered with fur, that
people in some countries keep as a pet
caterpillar [ˈkætəpɪlə] a small animal with a long body, that
develops into a butterfly
cockroach [ˈkɒkrəʊtʃ] a large brown insect that likes to live in
places where food is kept
cod [kɒd] a large sea fish with white flesh
cow [kaʊ] a large female animal that is kept on farms
for its milk
crab [kræb] a sea animal with a shell and ten legs.
Crabs usually move sideways.
crocodile [ˈkrɒkəˌdaɪl] a large animal with a long body, a long
mouth, and sharp teeth. Crocodiles live in
rivers in hot countries.
deer (PL)
deer
[dɪə] a large wild animal that eats grass and
leaves. Male deer usually have antlers
(= large horns that look like branches).
dog [dɒg] an animal that people in some countries
keep as a pet, or use to guard buildings

donkey
duck
eagle
eel
elephant
[ˈdɒŋki]
[dʌk]
[ˈiːgəl]
[iːl]
[ˈelɪfənt]

an animal like a small horse with long ears
a bird that lives near water
a large bird that eats small animals
a long, thin fish that looks like a snake
a very large grey animal with a long nose
called a trunk
fish (PL) fish [fɪʃ] an animal that lives and swims in water,
that people eat as food

fly
fox
[flaɪ]
[fɒks]

a small insect with two wings
a wild animal that looks like a dog, and
has red fur and a thick tail
frog [frɒg] a small animal with smooth skin, big eyes
and long back legs that it uses for jumping.
Frogs live in or near water.
giraffe [dʒɪˈraːf] a large African animal with a very long
neck, long legs and dark spots on its body
goat [gəʊt] an animal that has horns, and hairs on its
chin that look like a beard
goose (PL)
geese
[guːs] [giːs] a large bird like a duck with a long neck
grasshopper [ˈgraːshɒpə] an insect that jumps high into the air and
makes a sound with its long back legs
hedgehog [ˈhedʒhɒg] a small brown animal with sharp points
covering its back
hen [hen] a female chicken
EXAMPLES
Where did you catch the fish?
hippopotamus [ˌhɪpə
ˈpɔtəməs]
a very large animal with short legs and
thick skin, that lives in and near rivers
horse [hɔːs] a large animal that people can ride
insect [ˈɪnsekt] a very small animal that has six legs.
Most insects have wings.
jellyfish (PL)
jellyfish
[ˈdʒeliˌfɪʃ] a sea animal that has a clear soft body
and that can sting you
kangaroo [ˌkæŋgəˈruː] a large Australian animal. A female
kangaroo carries her baby in a pocket
(called a pouch) on her stomach.
kitten [ˈkɪtən] a very young cat
ladybird [ˈleɪdiˌbɜːd] a small round insect that is red or yellow
with black spots
lamb [læm] a young sheep
lion [ˈlaɪən] a large wild cat that lives in Africa. Lions
have yellow fur, and male lions have
manes (= long hair on their head and
neck).
lizard [ˈlɪzəd] a small animal with a long tail and rough
skin
lobster [ˈlɒbstə] a sea animal that has a hard shell and
eight legs
mammal [ˈmæməl] an animal that feeds its babies with milk
mole [məʊl] a small animal with black fur, that lives
under the ground
monkey [ˈmʌŋki] an animal that has a long tail and can
climb trees
mosquito [mɒˈskiːtəʊ] a small flying insect that bites people and
animals
moth [mɒθ] an insect that has large wings and is
attracted by lights at night
mouse (PL)
mice
[maʊs]
[maɪs]
a small animal with a long tail
octopus [ˈɒktəpəs] a soft sea animal with eight long arms
ostrich [ˈɒstrɪtʃ] a very large bird that cannot fly
owl [aʊl] a bird with large eyes that is active at
night
oyster [ˈɔɪstə] a large flat shellfish that people often eat
raw
panda [ˈpændə] a large animal from China with black and
white fur
parrot [ˈpærət] a tropical bird with a curved beak and
very bright feathers
penguin [ˈpeŋgwɪn] a black and white bird that lives in very
cold places, that can swim but cannot fly
pet [pet] an animal that you keep in your home
pig [pɪg] a farm animal with a fat body and short
legs, that is kept for its meat
pony [ˈpəʊni] a small or young horse
puppy

[ˈpʌpi]
[ˈræbɪt]
a young dog
a small animal that has long ears and
lives in a hole in the ground
an animal that has a long tail and looks
like a large mouse
[ræt]

rabbit rat rhinoceros [raɪˈnɒsərəs] a large animal from Asia or Africa with a
horn on its nose
salmon (PL)
salmon
[ˈsæmən] a large fish with silver skin and pink flesh
seagull [ˈsiːgʌl] a common type of bird with white or grey
feathers, that lives near the sea
seal [siːl] a large animal with a rounded body and
short fur, that eats fish and lives near the
sea
shark [ʃaːk] a very large fish that often has very sharp
teeth and may attack people
shellfish (PL)
shellfish
[ˈʃelfɪʃ] a small sea creature with a shell
snail [sneɪl] a small animal with a long soft body, no
legs, and a round shell on its back
snake [sneɪk] a long, thin animal with no legs, that
slides along the ground
EXAMPLES
We don’t have any pets.
species (PL)
species
[ˈspiːʃiz] a related group of plants or animals; a
species of fish
; an endangered species
spider [ˈspaɪdə] a small animal with eight legs
squid [skwɪd] a sea animal that has a long soft body and
many soft arms (called tentacles)
squirrel [ˈskwɪrəl] a small animal with a long thick tail, that
lives mainly in trees
stag [stæg] an adult male deer
swan [swɒn] a large white bird with a very long neck,
that lives on rivers and lakes
tadpole [ˈtædpəʊl] a small water animal that looks like a
black fish, and that develops into a frog or
a toad
tiger [ˈtaɪgə] a large wild animal of the cat family.
Tigers are orange with black stripes.
toad [təʊd] a small brown or green animal with long
legs, that lives in water
tortoise [ˈtɔːtəs] an animal with a shell on its back, that
moves very slowly
turkey [ˈtɜːki] a large bird that is kept on a farm for its
meat
wasp [wɒsp] an insect with wings, and yellow and black
stripes across its body. Wasps can sting
people.

whale [weɪl] a very large mammal that lives in the sea
wolf (PL)
wolves
[wʊlf]
[wʊlvz]
a wild animal that looks like a large dog
worm

[wɜːm] a small animal with a long, thin body, no
bones and no legs

zebra [ˈzebrə, ˈziː-] a wild horse with black and white stripes,
that lives in Africa
PARTS OF ANIMALS
antenna (PL)
antennae
[ænˈtenə] [æn
ˈteniː]
one of the two long, thin parts attached to
the head of an insect, that it uses to feel
things with
antler [ˈæntlə] one of the two horns that are shaped like
branches on the head of a male deer
beak [biːk] the hard, pointed part of a bird’s mouth
hoof (PL)
hooves
[huːf] [huːvz] one of the hard parts of the feet of horses,
cows and some other animals
fur [fɜː] the thick hair that grows on the bodies of
many animals
feather [ˈfeðə] one of the light soft things that cover a
bird’s body
claw [klɔː] the thin, hard, pointed part at the end of
the foot of a bird or an animal
coat [kəʊt] an animal’s fur or hair
hair [heə] the short threads that grow on the bodies
of many animals
horn [hɔːn] one of the hard pointed things that grow
from an animal’s head
mane [meɪn] the long, thick hair that grows from the
neck of some animals
paw [pɔː] the foot of an animal such as a cat, a dog
or a bear
shell [ʃel] the hard part that covers the back of an
animal such as a snail or a tortoise, and
protects it
snout [snaʊt] the long nose of an animal such as a pig
tail [teɪl] the long thin part at the end of an animal’s
body
trunk [trʌŋk] the long nose of an elephant
tusk [tʌsk] a very long, curved, pointed tooth that
grows beside the mouth of an elephant
wing [wɪŋ] one of the two parts of the body of a bird
or an insect, that it uses for flying
EXAMPLES
He heard the sound of horses’ hooves behind him.
Cat hair makes me sneeze.
The kitten was black, with white paws.

PLACES WHERE ANIMALS ARE FOUND

aquarium [əˈkweərɪəm] 1 a building where fish and sea animals
are kept and people can go to look at them
2 a glass box filled with water, in which
people keep fish as pets
a structure made of metal bars where you
keep birds or animals
a piece of land where animals are kept
a small house for a dog
the place where a bird, a small animal or
an insect keeps its eggs or its babies;
build
a nest
the thin net that a spider makes in order to
catch insects
a park where animals are kept and people
cage [keɪdʒ]
field
kennel
nest
[fiːld]
[ˈkenəl]
[nest]
web [web]
zoo [zuː]

can go to look at them
OTHER ANIMAL NOUNS

bite [baɪt] a painful mark on your body where an
animal, a snake, or an insect has bitten
you
a band of leather or plastic that you can
collar [ˈkɒlə]

put around the neck of a dog or a cat
egg [eg] a round object that contains a baby bird,
insect, snake or fish;
lay an egg
sting [stɪŋ] a painful mark on your body where an
insect has stung you
trap [træp] a piece of equipment for catching animals
EXAMPLES
A canary was singing in a cage.
How do you treat a wasp sting?
The rabbit was caught in a trap.

VERBS
NOISES ANIMALS MAKE

baa [baː] when a sheep baas, it makes its typical
sound
when a dog barks, it makes its typical
short, loud sound
when a bee or another insect buzzes, it
makes its typical rough continuous sound
when a dog or another animal growls, it
makes a low sound in its throat, usually
because it is angry
when an animal such as a snake or a cat
hisses, it makes a sound like a long ‘s’
bark [baːk]
buzz [bʌz]
growl [graʊl]
hiss [hɪs]
miaow [mɪˈaʊ, mjaʊ] when a cat miaows, it makes its typical
sound
when a cow moos, it makes its typical
long, low sound
when a horse neighs, it makes its typical
loud sound
when a cat purrs, it makes a low sound
with its throat because it is happy
when a duck quacks, it makes its typical
moo [muː]
neigh [neɪ]
purr [pɜː]
quack [kwæk]

sound
roar [rɔː] when a lion roars, it makes its typical loud
sound
snort [snɔːt] when an animal snorts, it breathes air
noisily out through its nose
EXAMPLES
Our dog always barks at the postman.
Bees buzzed in the flowers.
The cat sat on the sofa, purring happily.

WAYS IN WHICH ANIMALS MOVE

crawl [krɔːl] when an insect crawls somewhere, it
moves there quite slowly
when a bird or an insect flies, it moves
through the air
when a horse gallops, it runs very fast so
that all four legs are off the ground at the
same time
when a bird or an animal hops, it moves
by jumping on both of its feet or all four of
its feet together
when an animal roams, it moves freely
around an area
when a snake slithers, it moves along the
ground, sliding from side to side
when a fish swims, it moves through water
when an animal such as a horse trots, it
moves fairly fast, taking quick small steps
when a dog wags its tail, it moves it from
fly [flaɪ]
gallop [ˈgæləp]
hop [hɒp]
roam [rəʊm]
slither [ˈslɪðə]
swim
trot
[swɪm]
[trɒt]
wag [wæg]

side to side
OTHER ANIMAL VERBS
bite [baɪt] if a snake or an insect bites you, it makes a
mark or a hole in your skin with a sharp
part of its body
feed [fiːd] 1 when you feed an animal, you give it
food to eat
2 when an animal feeds, it eats or drinks
something
graze [greɪz] when an animal grazes, it eats the grass or
other plants that are growing in a
particular place
hibernate [ˈhaɪbəneɪt] when an animal hibernates, it spends the
winter in a state like a deep sleep
EXAMPLES
The bird flew away as I came near.
The horse trotted around the field.

hunt [hʌnt] to chase and kill wild animals for food or
as a sport
sting [stɪŋ] if an insect stings you, a pointed part of it
is pushed into your skin so that you feel a
sharp pain
ADJECTIVES
stray [streɪ] far away from home, or not having a
home;
a stray dog
tame [teɪm] not afraid of humans
wild [waɪld] living in nature, and not taken care of by
people;
a wild animal
EXAMPLES
The deer never became tame; they ran away if you went near
them

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