ANIMALS

HERE ARE SOME OF THE MOST COMMON ONES.
CLICK ON THE PICTURE.
GENERIC NAME
MALE
FEMALE
YOUNG
GROUP NAME
OTHER INFORMATION
MAMMALS
badger
BADGER(S)
BoarSowCub or KitColony(An old English name for a badger is a brock) They live in a set.
bat
BAT(S)
MaleFemalePupColonyBats are a protected species in the UK.
deer
DEER (DEER)
StagDoeFawnHerdA hart is a stag (usually a red deer) more than five years old, stag is more commonly used nowadays.
fox
FOX(ES)
Dog-fox / ReynardShe-fox / VixenCubSkulkFoxes live in an earth.
hare
HARE(S)
JackJillLeveretDownHares live in forms.
hedgehog
HEDGEHOG(S)
BoarSowPigletPrickle
mole
MOLE(S)
MaleFemalePupLabourMoles live in holes.
mouse
MOUSE (MICE)
BuckDoePupNest
otter
OTTER(S)
DogBitchKittenFamilyOtters live in dens.
rabbit
RABBIT(S)
BuckDoeKit / BunnyColonyRabbits live in warrens.
rat
RAT(S)
BuckDoeKitten / PupNestRats often live in sewers.
squirrel
SQUIRREL(S)
BuckDoePupDrayThere are two kinds of squirrel in the UK. The common grey squirrel and the rarer red squirrel. Only the red squirrel is a native.
stoat
STOAT(S)
JackJillKitPack
weasel
WEASEL(S)
JackJillKitSneak
BIRDS
Birds are feathered, winged, bipedal, warm-blooded, egg-laying, vertebrate animals.CockHenNestling / Hatchling/
Fledgling
Flock(s)Most birds live in nests.
Crow
CROW(S)
MaleFemaleYoungMurder
dove
DOVE(S)
CockHenSquabCote
duck
DUCK(S)
DrakeHenDucklingFlock
goose
GOOSE (GEESE)
GanderGooseGoslingIf a group of geese is flying, it becomes a “skein”. If they are on land or water, they’re a “gaggle”.
hawk
HAWK(S)
HenTiercelEyasAerie
heron
HERON(S)
Hedge
kingfisher
KINGFISHER(S)
owl
OWL(S)
OwlJennyOwletParliament
peacock
PEAFOWL
PeacockPeahenPeachickPride
pheasant
PHEASANT(S)
CockHenChickBrood
pigeon
PIGEON(S)
CockHenSquabFlight
robin
ROBIN(S)
Cock
Hen
Chick
rook
ROOK(S)
Cock
Hen
Chick
Building
sparrow
SPARROW(S)
Cock
Hen
Chick
Flock
starling
STARLING(S)
Cock
Hen
Chick
Flock
swan
SWAN(S)
CobPenSignetBevy
INSECTS
An invertebrate whose body is comprised of three segments and six legs.Swarm
ant
ANT(S)
Prince / Drone
Queen / Princess / Worker
Antling
Army / Nest
Ants have a strange matriarchal set up. The Queen spends her life laying eggs, there is only one queen per colony. Worker ants are non-reproducing female worker ants, the daughters of the queen. Soldier ants are sterile females who defend the colony. The male ants are small ants that have wings. They fly from the colony to mate with a queen.
bee
BEE(S)
Drone
Queen / Worker
Larva
Hive
There are three types of honey bee. The Queen who lays the eggs. The workers are females who gather food, make honey, build the six-sided honeycomb, tend eggs, and guard the hive. And the drones are males who mate with the queen.
butterfly
BUTTERFLY (BUTTERFLIES)
MaleFemaleCaterpillar / ChrysalisSwarm
dragonfly
DRAGONFLY (DRAGONFLIES)
MaleFemaleNymphs / NaiadsSwarm
fly
FLY (FLIES)
MaleFemaleMaggotSwarm
moth
MOTH(S)
MaleFemaleCaterpillar / ChrysalisSwarm
Mosquito
MOSQUITO(ES)
MaleFemaleLarvaSwarmThere are thousands of mosquito species. The female is the one that usually bites.
spider
SPIDER(S)
MaleFemaleSpiderlingClusterSpiders spin and live on a web. Thankfully the UK does not have any poisonous spiders.
FISH
Cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates usually having scales and breathing through gills.Shoal / School
pike
PIKE
FryShoal / School
salmon
SALMON
JackHenFryRun
trout
TROUT
JackHenFryHover
AMPHIBIANS
A class of animals that spend part of their time on land and part in the water; they are an intermediate form between fishes and reptiles.
frog
FROG(S)
MaleFemaleTadpole(s)ArmyThe eggs of a frog are called spawn. Tadpoles metamorphose into frogs.
newt
NEWT(S)
MaleFemaleLarvae
toad
TOAD(S)
MaleFemaleTadpole(s)KnotThe eggs of a frog are called spawn. Tadpoles metamorphose into toads.
REPTILES
Cold-blooded vertebrate that lays eggs and has scales or plates on its skin
snake
SNAKE(S)
MaleFemaleYoungNestThere is only one poisonous snake in the UK; the adder.
CRUSTACEANS
A class of invertebrates that have a segmented body, a hard external skeleton (exoskeleton), two sets of antennae and one pair of legs per body segment.
crab
CRAB(S)
MaleFemaleZoea
lobster
LOBSTER(S)
MaleFemaleZoea
MOLLUSCS
clam
CLAM(S)
MaleFemaleSpatBed
Cockle
COCKLE(S)
Bed
Cockles are hermaphroditic. A cockle will possess both male and female sex organs during its life
mussel
MUSSEL(S)
MaleFemaleGlochidiaBed
oyster
OYSTER(S)
MaleFemaleSpatBed
snail
SNAIL(S)
MaleFemaleBabyRoutSnails are not often eaten in the UK.

ANIMALS ON THE FARM

ANIMALS THAT LIVE ON A FARM ARE DOMESTICATED ANIMALS, THEY MAY BE CALLED FARM ANIMALS.
GENERIC NAME
MALE
FEMALE
YOUNG
GROUP NAME
OTHER INFORMATION
MAMMALS
cattle
CATTLE
BullCowCalfHerd / KineMostly farmed for milk and meat (called beef).
deer
DEER (DEER)
StagDoeFawnHerdDeer are farmed for their meat (venison) on special deer farms in the UK.
dog
DOG(S)
DogBitchPuppyPack (a group of puppies is called a litter)Mostly used for work, protection and herding on farms. Dog meat is not eaten in the UK.
donkey
DONKEY
JackJennyColtDroveMostly raised for pleasure. Donkey meat is not eaten in the UK.
goat
GOAT(S)
BillyNannyKidFlockMostly farmed for milk and cheese. Not many people eat goat meat in the UK.
horse
HORSE(S)
StallionMareFoalHerdMostly farmed for work, leisure or sport (riding etc). Not many people in the UK would knowingly eat horse meat, although there is a trade for pet meat.
pig
PIG(S)
BoarSowPigletLitterMostly farmed for its meat (called pork).
sheep
SHEEP
RamEweLamb / MuttonFlockMostly farmed for wool and meat. The meat is called lamb from sheep less than a year old and mutton from older sheep.
Thanks to John-David Kraaikamp

for pointing out my mistake.

BIRDS
chicken
CHICKEN(S)
CockerelHenChickBroodFarmed for its meat and eggs. A farm that only raises birds is a poultry farm.
duck
DUCK(S)
DrakeHenDucklingBraceA wild fowl and a farmed bird. Mostly farmed for its meat.
goose
GOOSE (GEESE)
GanderGooseGoslingGaggleA wild fowl and a farmed bird. Mostly farmed for its meat.
INSECTS
bee
BEE(S)
Drone
Queen / Worker
Larva
SwarmBees live in hives, and are farmed for their honey. A bee farm is often called an apiary. Someone who keeps bees is usually called a beekeeper.
FISH
salmon
SALMON
JackHenFryShoalYes, salmon is farmed in the UK.
trout
TROUT
JackHenFryShoalYes, there are trout farms in the UK too.

ANIMALS IN THE HOUSE

ANIMALS THAT LIVE IN THE HOUSE AS COMPANIONS ARE CALLED PETS.
GENERIC NAME
MALE
FEMALE
YOUNG
GROUP NAME
OTHER INFORMATION
MAMMALS
cat
CAT(S)
TomQueenKittenClutter (a group of kittens is called a litter)
dog
DOG(S)
DogBitchPuppyPackThere are between 6.5 million and 7.4 million pet dogs in the UK.
ferret
FERRET(S)
DogBitchKitCastDomestic pet ferrets, Mustela furo (sometimes called Mustela putorius furo), are not wild animals.
gerbil
GERBIL(S)
MaleFemalePupHorde
guinea pig
GUINEA PIG(S)
BoarSowPupGroupThey are not related to pigs.
hamster
HAMSTER(S)
MaleFemalePupHordeI had several hamsters as pets when I was a child.
rabbit
RABBIT(S)
BuckDoeKit / BunnyColonyRabbits live in warrens.
rat
RAT(S)
BuckDoeKitten / PupNestSeemingly rats make very good pets.
BIRDS
budgie
BUDGERIGAR(S)
HenCockChickFlockThey come in a variety of colours including blue. One of the most common pets in the UK.

aka Budgie

canary
CANARY (CANARIES)
HenCockChickFlock
cockatiel
COCKATIEL(S)
HenCockChickFlock
cockatoo
COCKATOO(S)
HenCockChickFlock
parrot
PARROT(S)
HenCockChickFlock
INSECTS
spider
SPIDER(S)
Male
Female
Spiderling
ClusterYes, people in the UK keep spiders as pets.
FISH
goldfish
GOLDFISH
Male
Female
Fry
Shoal
Probably the most common pet in the UK.
REPTILES
goldfish
SNAKE(S)
Male
Female
Baby
Nest
Yes, people in the UK keep snakes as pets too.

ANIMAL SOUNDS

ANIMALS MAKE DISTINCT SOUNDS, SOME OF THESE SOUNDS HAVE THEIR OWN WORD. DO YOU NEED TO LEARN THESE? PROBABLY NOT, BUT YOU NEVER KNOW, ONE DAY YOU MIGHT THANK US.
Bees buzz.
Birds sing or tweet. Some birds caw.
Cats go miaow. They purr when they’re happy.
Cockerels crow, or go cock-a-doodle-doo.
Cows go moo.
Dogs bark or go woof woof. They growl when they’re angry.
Donkeys brayor go heehaw.
Ducks quack.
Flies buzz.
Frogs croak or go ribbit.
Geese honk.
Goats bleat.
Hens cluck.
Horses neigh.
Mice squeak.
Pigs oink or grunt or squeal.
Sheep bleat or go baa.
Snakes hiss.
Toads croak.

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