We use one (singular) and ones (plural): after an adjective: See those two girls? Helen is the tall one and Jane is the short one. Which is your car, the red one or the blue one? My trousers are torn. I need some new ones. after the: See those two girls? Helen is the one on the left. Let's...
this and these We use this (singular) and these (plural) as pronouns: to talk about people or things near us: This is a nice cup of tea. Whose shoes are these? to introduce people: This is Janet. These are my friends John and Michael. Be careful! We say, This is John and this is Michael. (NOT These are John and Michael.) to...
Level: beginner Subject Object Possessive adjective Possessive pronoun I me  my mine you you your yours he him  his his she her  her hers it it its - we us  our ours they them  their theirs   Be careful! Possessive pronouns do not have an apostrophe: Is that car yours/hers/ours/theirs? (NOT Is that car your's/her's/our's/their's?) We can use a possessive pronoun instead of a full noun phrase to avoid repeating words: Is that John's car? No, it's mine. (NOT No, it's .) Whose coat is this? Is it yours? (NOT Is it ?) Her coat is...
Level: beginner English clauses always have a subject: His father has just retired. > He was a teacher. (NOT Was a teacher.) I'm waiting for my wife. > She is late. (NOT Is late.) ... except for the imperative: Go away. Play it again, please. there If there is no other subject, we use there to talk about: where or when something is: There's an interesting book...
Personal pronouns Level: beginner We have both subject pronouns and object pronouns: Subject Object I me you you he him she her it it we us you you they them We use subject pronouns as the subject of a verb: I like your dress. You are late. He is my friend. It is raining. She is on holiday. We live in England. They come from London. Be careful! English clauses always have a subject. His father has just retired. > He was a teacher. (NOT Was a teacher.) I'm waiting for my wife. > She is late. (NOT Is late.) The imperative, which...
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