Many words in English are formed from the same root or base word. By adding different suffixes, a range of new words can be formed.
A suffix is a letter or a group of letters that are added to the end of a word to make a new word. Generally, suffixes have a particular meaning. When a suffix is added to a base word and that base word becomes a noun, it is called a noun suffix.
Here are some rules:
- Adding a suffix usually changes the class of the word (i.e. verb to noun).
Root/Base word: Entertain (verb)
New word: Entertainment (noun)
- Adding a suffix can mean the class of the word remains the same but the meaning of the new word changes.
Root/Base word: quest (noun)
New word: question (noun)
- Adding a suffix can cause a spelling change.
Root/Base word: supervise
New word: supervisor
Here are some commonly used noun suffixes and what they mean: