Deepfake is a new word and a closed compound word. A compound word is a word derived from two or more separate words used together to create another word. Compound words are new words that have a different meaning than the definitions of the original words. Compound words are usually composed of two nouns, or an adjective and a noun. New compound words usually consist of two or more separate words, and are called open compound words. An open compound word is a noun that is composed of two words that are often used together, yet still maintain a space between the two words. This type of compound is also referred to as a spaced compound word. It might be difficult to identify such a term as a compound word. To qualify as an open compound word, the term must have a different meaning from the definitions of each of the original words. Midway through their evolution, compound words may acquire hyphens between the two or more words. A hyphenated compound word is a compound that is composed of two or more words linked by hyphens. Hyphenated compound words are the most likely type of compound words to be composed of two adjectives or two verbs. Hyphenated compound words are often coined by writers, as J.K. Rowling did when she created the phrase He-Who-Must-Not-Be-Named to describe Lord Voldemort. In general, hyphenated compound words are midway on the journey between being rendered as separate words to being rendered as one word. When a compound becomes a closed compound word, which consists of two or more words joined without any hyphen or space, it has usually been in use for a long time, though the advent of the internet has sped up the process of becoming a closed compound word. Understanding words that are compound words will expand one’s basic English vocabulary. We will examine the meaning of the word deepfake, its etymology, and some examples of its use in a sentence or two.
A deepfake is an image that uses artificial intelligence technology to generate images in which the original human face is replaced with another human face. The purpose of deepfake technology is to fool the viewer, either for the amusement of the consumer or to spread misinformation. The issues concerning the dangers of deepfake technology has been illustrated by social media accounts that use Tom Cruise’s likeness to make videos that were not actually filmed by Tom Cruise. The word deepfake is a closed compound word; it is a portmanteau of the terms deep learning and fake. A portmanteau is a word constructed by blending the sounds and meanings of two different words. Deepfake was coined by a Reddit user in 2017, who used the technology to alter pornographic videos. The plural of deepfake is deepfakes.
As for the creators, a quick look at the top 30 on one site reveals deepfakers all over the world, including in the U.S., Canada, Guatemala and India. (Vogue Magazine)
A Pennsylvania woman has been accused of creating “deepfake” pictures of her daughter’s cheerleading rivals, doctoring photos and video in an attempt to get them kicked off the squad, officials said. (Guardian)
Most deepfake videos are created using a subset of machine learning algorithms called generative neural network architectures, such as auto-encoders or generative adversarial networks (GANs). (Observer)