Expatriate vs ex-patriot – Grammarist



Expatriate
and ex-patriot are words that are close in spelling and pronunciation and may be considered confusables. Confusables is a catch-all term for words that are often misused or confused; there are many confusing words in the English language that may be easily confused for each other in spoken English and written English. Two words or more than two words, even if they are common words, may be confused because they are similar in spelling, similar in pronunciation, or similar in meaning. These commonly confused words may be pronounced the same way or pronounced differently or may be spelled the same way or spelled differently, or may have different meanings or have almost different meanings; they may be homophones, homonyms, heteronyms, homographs, words that have a similar spelling, or words that have a similar meaning. Sometimes, confusables are word constructions that are not proper English words. Confusables often confound native speakers of English, and they may be difficult for ESL students and those learning English to understand. Confusables are misspelled, misused words that have a different meaning from one another and may be nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, or any other part of speech. Spelling rules in English are not dependable; there are many exceptions. Often, the best procedure to learn new words and commonly misused words and commonly confused words in English is to make word lists of English words for the learner to study to understand the difference in spelling and meaning. To learn new words in the English language, one must not only study a spelling words list, one must know the meaning of words in one’s vocabulary word list. It is also helpful to memorize how to correctly pronounce words and to know the etymology of new words or where they are derived from. A spell checker will rarely find this type of mistake in English vocabulary, so do not rely on spell check but instead, learn to spell and learn the definitions of words. Even a participant in a spelling bee like the National Spelling Bee will ask for an example of a confusable in a sentence, so that she understands which word she is to spell by using context clues. Confusables are often used in wordplay like puns. We will examine the different meanings of the confusables expatriate and ex-patriot, the word origins of the terms, and some examples of their English usage in sentences.

Expatriate refers to someone living outside his native country. Expatriate may be used as an adjective, noun or verb. Derived forms are expatriates, expatriated, expatriating, expatriation, the noun form of expatriate is sometimes abbreviated as expat. Originally, an expatriate was someone exiled from his home country, derived from the mid-1700s French word expatrier, meaning banish. The term expatriate carries the connotation that the person in question will one day return to his country of origin, or at least wishes to one day return to his country of origin.

Ex-patriot is an eggcorn, which is a misheard word or phrase that retains the meaning of the original, correct word or phrase. Ex-patriot is not a word. A patriot is someone who supports his or her country, even to defending it against enemies. Theoretically, ex-patriot would describe someone who once supported his her country, but no longer does; however, ex-patriot is not a proper word.

Examples

The Saudi General Department of Passports (Jawazat) announced that expatriates in the Kingdom must have their children aged six and above fingerprinted as registering biometric data is a prerequisite for completing procedures of a residency permit (iqama) and travel, local media reported. (Gulf News)

A wider scope of expatriate workers will be deemed as high-end talent in Shanghai as of Monday as part of the city’s continuous effort to attract talent from around the world to contribute to its development, the city’s foreign expert bureau said on Monday. (The Star)

The Ege Eye is a regional English language newspaper based in Kuşadası that is not only celebrating its 15th year this April, the team behind this newspaper geared toward expats in Turkey will also be publishing their 200th edition. (Daily Sabah)



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