Learn English: 17 HOMOPHONES & Past Participles



Homophones are words that have the same pronunciation but are written differently. To understand the meaning of the word, you need to rely on context or spelling. In today’s lesson, I will teach you eight sets of homophones. You will notice that each set is made up of one past participle and one word or more with a different function. A past participle is a word used with a past verb to express something that is passive. For example, in “it was sent”, the word “sent” is a past participle, and “was” is the verb. I will teach you the difference between “won” and “one”, “heard” and “herd”, “taught” and “tot”, “bred” and “bread”, “sent”, “scent”, and “cent”, “been” and “bean”, “caught” and “cot”, and “grown” and “groan”. I will explain their meaning, and I’ll give examples. Don’t forget to do the quiz after watching to make sure you understood the material. https://www.engvid.com/17-homophones-past-participles/

TRANSCRIPT

Hi, guys. I want to teach you something that I think is fucking amazing: they’re homophones. Woo-hoo. Do you know what “homophones” are? If you speak any of the Latin languages, so Portuguese, or Italian, French, or Spanish – you probably can figure out by the name “homo” means same; and “phones” or “phono” means sound. So, “homo” means same, and “phono” means sound. So, “homophones” are words that have the exact same sound or the exact same pronunciation, but the spelling is different.

So, in your brain it’s going to be difficult because you’re going to say: “Oh my god, Ronnie, no, no, no, no, no. You’ve totally said this word wrong. How can you…? How can this word be the same as this word?” This is why English is so crazy, but I’m here to help you. So, the cool thing about homophones and why I love them so much is it’s like you’re getting a special promotion with English. So, you are learning one pronunciation, but you get two words. So, it’s two words for the price of one in your brain, but you have to remember: Trust me when I tell you the sounds are exactly the same. The definitions are going to be different, but the sounds are the same. So, you get to learn one pronunciation and two meanings. Yes! Bonus time. It’s like a super sale. Welcome to the super sale on enVid. enVid, enVid, enVid, enVid. engVid, okay?

The other thing that we have a huge problem with are these crazy things called “past participles”. Now… Oh, don’t you hate past participles? And maybe you don’t know what they are. So, “past participles” are the third thing or the third part of a verb. So, irregular verbs usually have a simple past and a past participle. I’ve kind of made this easy because most of these words here… Most of these verbs here, the simple past and the past participle – they’re the same. Oh, so cool.

So, oh, you get another bonus. You’re going to learn more past participles. So, learning past participles are difficult. Why? Because there are so many of them. But if you look back on lessons on www.engvid.com, you will see I’ve given you easy ways to remember the past participles. And this is an even easier way to actually say them correctly because your brain and English pronunciation plays tricks on you.

So, let’s start with the first one. The present tense of this verb is “win”, and the past tense is “won”. But, hey, do you know the homophone? “Won” is exactly the same sound as the number “one”. So, we have “win”, the past participle of “win” is “won”, and it’s pronounced like the number “one”. You are number one; not eleven. Hello, marker. Do you work? So, the past participle of “win” is the exact same pronunciation as number “one”. So, you can say: -“I won one.” -“What? ‘I won one’? Did you repeat…?” -“No. I won one. I won one chocolate bar. I won one. I won one! Yay!”

The next one is the verb “hear”, and the past tense, we would like to say: “hear-d”, but it’s actually just “herd”. A mistake that I’ve heard a lot of people saying is they say: “hearded”. It’s not “hearded”; it’s actually “heard”. Now, past participle: “herd”, this is how we actually say the word. But do you know what a “herd” is? A “herd” is a group of animals. So, for example: A group of cows or a group or horses we call a “herd”. “I heard the herd.” [Laughs] Another crazy thing about homophones is they’re used in a lot of advertising and a lot of jokes. Now, are the jokes funny? That’s up to you. But “herd” is a group of cattle; cows or horses.

The next one is the past tense of the word “teach”. So, in the present tense we say: “I teach”, and in the past tense, if you go back, we say: “taught”. But if you look at this, it looks like: “ta-u-g-h-t”. “I tau-g-h-t you yesterday.” Hey, let’s make this easy. We’re actually just going to say it like: “tot”. The past participle of “teach” is the pronunciation: “tot; t-o-t”. That’s easier. Do you know what a “tot” is? A “tot” is slang or informal for a child. So, a little child, maybe two or three years old, we call a “tot”. It might have come from “toddler”. […]

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