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A. Indefinite articles: A/An
B. Definite Article.
When to use “the”
1. to refer to something which has already been mentioned.
• On Monday, an unarmed man stole $ 1,000 from the bank. The thief hasn’t been caught yet.
• I was walking past Sam’s Bakery when I decided to go into the bakery to get some bread.
• There’s a position available in my team. The job will involve some international travel.
2. when you assume there is just one of something in that place, even if it has not been mentioned before.
• We went on a walk in the forest yesterday.
• Where is the bathroom?
• My father enjoyed the book you gave him.
3. In sentences or clauses where you define or identify a particular person or object.
• The man who wrote this book is famous.
• I scratched the red car parked outside.
• He is the doctor I came to see.
4. to refer to people or objects that are unique.
• The sun rose at 6:20 this morning.
• You can go anywhere in the world.
• The president will be speaking on TV tonight
5. before superlatives and ordinal numbers
• This is the highest building in New York.
• She read the last chapter of her new book first.
• This is the third time I have called you today.
6. with adjectives to refer to a whole group of people.
• The French enjoy cheese.
• The elderly require special attention.
• She has given a lot of money to the poor.
7. with decades
• He was born in the seventies.
• This is a painting from the 1820s.
8. with clauses introduced by only
• This is the only day we’ve had sunshine all week.
• The only tea I like is black tea.
9. with the names of geographical areas, rivers, mountains ranges, groups of islands, canals, and oceans.
• They are travelling in the Arctic.
• Our ship crossed the Atlantic in 7 days.
• I will go on a cruise down the Nile.
• Hiking across the Rocky Mountains would be difficult.
10. with names of some countries
• I have never been to the Netherlands.
• Do you know anyone who live in the Philippines?
• We wish to visit the United Arab Emirates.
• She is visiting the United States.
• James is from the Republic of Ireland.
• I live in the UK.
11. with newspaper names.
• I read it I the Guardian.
• She works for the New York Times.
• Do you know that the Cambodia Daily will be closed soon?
12. with the names of famous buildings, works of art, museums, or monuments.
• Have you been to the Vietnamese Memorial?
• We went to the Louvre and saw the Mona Lisa.
• I would like to visit the Eiffel Tower.
13. with the names of the hotels and restaurants, unless these are named after a person.
• They are staying at the Hilton on 6th street.
• We ate at the Golden Lion.
14. with the names of families, but not with the names of individuals.
• We’re having dinner with the Smiths.
• The Browns are going to play with us.