Learning English Grammars:Sentences (Part 3) – Imperative



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Sentences
A sentence is a group of words that you use to communicate your ideas. Every sentence is formed from one or more clauses and expresses a complete thought. There are four types of sentences in English:
1. Simple sentences
– My parents go to the USA twice a year.
-Go there! -What are you doing now?
What a beautiful girl!
2, Compound sentences
– Men are less cautious than women, so more men die in accidents.
-My students come to class on time, but their speaking skills are not good.
3. Complex sentences
-When I arrive home, I’ll give you a ring.
-If you have a headache you should take an aspirin.
4. Compound-complex sentences
-I usually use a pick whenever I play the guitar, or I just use my fingers.
I. Simple Sentences
A simple sentence contains a single independent clause.
There are four types of simple sentences:
a. Declarative sentences
A declarative sentence is the sentence that makes a statement.
E,g. – I enjoy playing tennis on Sundays.
– Sam and I do homework after dinner.
-We lave and work in the USA.
-Janet or Alex works for me.
-John either stays with me or goes home at weekends.
***Form.
Sub+V+(Obj)
Sub+and/or+Sub+V+(Obj)
Sub+V+and/or+V+(Obj)
b. Imperative Sentences
An imperative sentence gives commands or makes requests.
E.g. Come back!
– Do be reasonable.
– Come and have a cup of tea.
-Sit up straight!
-Mind your own business!
***Form***
-ϴ + Base form + Complement.
-ϴ + Base form + and + Base form + complement.

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